The Ancient Capital of Uzbekistan

Shir Dar Madresah
(Lion's Gate School)


Samarkand is an ancient city in central Uzbekistan.  Manufactured goods include tea, textiles, fertilizer, and motor-vehicle parts. It is the oldest city in Central Asia and is divided into a newly built section and an old quarter that has mosques dating from the 14th and 15th centuries. The city was the capital of an ancient Persian province and an important trade center between China and the Mediterranean region. In the early 8th century AD, it came under Muslim rule and became an important center of Muslim culture. Russia took control in 1868, and from 1924 to 1930 Samarqand was the capital of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR).  Samarkand is  said to be one of the supreme beautýful cities of the world, compared easily with Rome, Paris, New York, London, or Tokyo.  

( see Samarkand role playing game: )



His Turkic name is Timur, which means 'iron'. In his life time, he has conquered more than anyone else except for Alexander. His armies crossed Eurasia from Delhi to Moscow, from the Tien Shan Mountains of Central Asia to the Taurus Mountains in Anatolia. From 1370 till his death 1405, Temur built a powerful empire and became the last of great nomadic leaders. Shakhrisabz, the birthplace of Tamerlane, 160 km from Samarkand, is located in a small valley, surrounded by the foothills of the Pamir mountains.


By Edgar Allen Poe

" Look 'round thee now on Samarcand!
Is not she queen of Earth? her pride
Above all cities? in her hand
Their destinies? in all beside
Of glory which the world hath known
Stands she not nobly and alone?
Falling- her veriest stepping-stone
Shall form the pedestal of a throne-
And who her sovereign? Timour- he
Whom the astonished people saw
Striding o'er empires haughtily
A diadem'd outlaw! ..."

final resting place of tamerlane



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